SITE REQUIREMENTS AND LAYOUTS (Contd)
Site Requirements -- Site selection is a critical step in performing a boat launch.
The requirements are generally based on equipment limitations.
An assault site is selected for the following characteristics:
Enemy forces are weak, the terrain on the friendly shore provides concealment
from enemy observation, and there is room for the assault to be supported by
Adequate launch routes exist.
Firm banks permit rapid launching at multiple points along the span.
All boat sites require the following characteristics:
The site should be located where there are established road networks on both
sides of the span.
The site should be located at a narrow point along the span, free of obstructions
that would impede operations.
The site should have firm ground.
Water velocity must not exceed 8 ft per second (2.438 m per second).
The site should have an overhead clearance of 22 ft, 2 in (6.766 m).
The side-to-side slope is not greater than 8% or 5.
The site must be clear of personnel and obstructions.
The minimum water depth must be determined by commander.
Site Layout Requirements -- Boat launching sites require two-way access roads
to areas for parking, preparation of equipment, and routing of personnel and vehicle
traffic. Site conditions will determine the location of boat site and the location of
access roads. Single or multi-launch sites are established depending on how quickly
the advancing forces are directed to make a crossing. Refer to FM 5-34, Engineer
Field Manual, for additional information on site requirements and layouts.