(b) Keep the feet and legs together, eyes
open, and drop the left arm along the left side of the body.
During canopy deployment of a back
(c) Arch the back and using the right hand,
type parachute the chin should be
grasp the ripcord grip and pull the ripcord grip to the right
resting on the chest to avoid
to full arms length. Discard the ripcord grip and attached
entanglement of the head in the
parachute suspension lines.
b. Controlling Descent. Once the ripcord has
(d) Using the right hand and aided by the
been pulled, it should take 2 to 4 seconds for the
thumb of the left hand, pull the ripcord grip out and to the
deploying parachute canopy to fully inflate at which time
right as far as the right arm will extend. Discard the
the parachute opening shock will be felt. The user's body
ripcord grip and attached cable (View A and B, fig. 2-15).
may rotate during the interval the canopy is deploying and
the rotation will cause twists in the risers and suspension
(2) Chest type parachute.
lines. This action should not cause undue alarm to the
user as once the canopy has fully inflated the twists will
slowly unwind. After the risers and suspension lines have
straightened, the user should look up and check the
During canopy deployment of a chest
canopy to insure the canopy has fully inflated. A canopy
type parachute, the head should be
will sometimes inflate with a minor malfunction known as
turned as far as possible to the right
an inversion which may be complete or partial. An
and the left arm positioned along the
inverted canopy is one which is turned inside out. If the
left side of the body to avoid contact or
inversion is complete, it will not affect the operation of the
entanglement with the riser assemblies.
parachute. A partial inversion results from a portion of
the canopy near the skirt being blown between two
(a) Turn the head as far as possible to the
adjacent suspension lines and inflating inside out.
Factors which may affect the controlling of descent are as
Figure 2-15. Grasping Ripcord, Two-Hand and One-Hand Method.